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GLOSSARY

Japanese-English technical terms of the timber and housing industries by category


Wood & lumber Housing Structure
Housing ( Interior ) Carpenter works
Building materials Unit matrix
Laws & Contracts Organizations

Wood & lumber
No. Japanese Pronunciation English (ordinary size in m.m.)
1 Ki Wood
2 木材 Moku-zai Timber
3 製材 Sei-zai Lumber
4 秋材 aki-zai Summer wood
5 春材 Shun-zai Spring wood
6 針葉樹 Shin-yo-ju Softwood
7 広葉樹 Kou-yo-ju Hardwood
8 植林材 Shoku-rin-zai Afforested wood
9 南洋材 Nan-you-zai Southsea logs
10 北洋材 Hoku-you-zai Russian logs
11 米材 Bei-zai North American lumber
12 北欧材 Hoku-ou-zai Nordic timber
13 NZ材 NZ-zai New Zealand timber
14 アフリカ材 A-furika-zai African timber
15 樹種 Jushu Wood species
16 米松 Bei-matsu Douglas fir
17 米ツガ Bei-tsuga Hemlock
18 米ヒ Bei-hi Port Orford cedar
19 米ヒバ Bei-hiba Yellow cedar
20 米杉 Bei-sugi Red cedar
21 エゾ松 Ezo-matsu Whitewood
22 カラ松 Kara-matsu Larch
23 アカ松 Aka-matsu Red pine
24 紅松 Beni-matsu Cedar
25 メランチ Meran-ti Meranti
26 アガチス Aga-chisu Agathis
27 ナラ Nara Oak
28 マカバ Maka-ba Monarch birch
29 タモ Tamo Ash
30 ニレ Ni-re Elm
31 カエデ Ka-e-de Maple
32 ドングリ Don-guri Acorn
33 生材 Na-ma-zai Green lumber
34 KD材 KD-zai Kiln-dried lumber
35 乾燥材 Kanso-zai Dried wood
36 木口 Kogu-chi Butt end
37 末口 Su-e-kuchi Tip end
38 年輪 Nen-rin Annual ring
39 Fu-shi Knot
40 生き節 Iki-bushi Live knot
41 抜け節 Nuke-bushi Loose knot
42 無節 Mu-bushi Knotless
43 小節 Ko-bushi Small knot
44 死節 Shini-bushi Dead knot
45 柾目 Masa-me Straight grain, Edge grain
46 板目 Ita-me Flat grain
47 木裏 Ki-ura Inner surface
48 木表 Ki-omote Outer surface
49 木肌 Ki-hada Textures
50 木目 Mokume Grain, Figured grain
51 杢利 Moku-ri Wood grain, moire
52 逆目 Saka-me Torn grain
53 心材 Shin-zai Heart wood
54 辺材 Hen-zai Spa wood
55 心持ち材 Shin-mochi-zai Boxed timber
56 心去り材 Shin-sari-zai Pithless timber
57 硬木 Kata-gi Hard wood
58 銘木 Mei-boku Precious wood, Fancy wood
59 防腐木材 Bou-fu-mokuzai Preserved wood
60 羽柄材 Hagara-zai Common lumber
61 角材 Kaku-zai Square log
62 挽き板 Hiki-ita Lamina
63 平角 Hira-kaku Square
64 正角 Shou-kaku Regular square
65 平割 Hira-wari Plank
66 小角 Ko-kaku Small square
67 野板 No-ita Sawn board
68 小幅板 Ko-haba-ita Narrow board
69 母屋角 Moya-kaku Purlin square
70 含水率 Gan-sui-ritsu Water content
71 目詰まり Me-zumari Narrow annual rings
72 焼け Yake Yellowing
73 定尺 Tei-jaku Standard, Fixed size (length)
74 乱尺 Ran-jaku Random length
75 腐食 Fushoku Rot
76 サビ Sa-bi Patina
77 におい Ni-oi Odor
78 ヤニ Ya-ni Resin
79 収縮 Shu-shu-ku Shrinkage
80 発注 Hacchu Order
81 曲げ強度 Mage-kyo-do Modulus of rupture
82 ヤング係数 Yangu-keisu Young modulus
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Housing Structure
No. Japanese Pronunciation English (ordinary size in m.m.)
1 住宅 Jyu-taku Dwelling (house)
2 戸建て住宅 Ko-date-jutaku Detached house
3 在来木造 Zairai-Mokuzoh Traditional wooden house
4 軸組工法 Jiku-gumi-ko-ho Post & beam construction system
5 枠組壁工法 Waku-gumi-kabe-koho Wood frame construction
6 2x4 Tuh-bai-for 2x4
7 鉄筋コンクリート Tekkin-konkuri-to Steel reinforced concrete structure
8 プレハブ Pure-ha-bu Prefabrication
9 鉄骨作り Tekko-tsu-tsukuri Steel structure
10 校倉 Aze-kura Log house
11 軸組み Jiku-gumi Frame work
12 構造 Koh-zo Structure (structural)
13 棟木 Muna-gi Ridge beam (105sq)
14 母屋 Moya Purlin (90sq)
15 小屋束 Koya-zuka Roof support post (90sq)
16 Hari Beam
17 小屋梁 Koya-bari Tie beam (240/300x105)
18 Mado Window
19 胴差 Doh-sashi Girth (105/120x105)
20 Hashira (Kuda-bashira) Connective post (105/120 sq)
21 間柱 Ma-bashira Stud (substructure, 105/120x30)
22 通し柱 To-shi-bashira Post thru 2nd fl (135 sq)
23 筋交い Suji-kai Diagonal bracing (105x30/40)
24 土台 Dodai Ground sill (105/120sq)
25 野地板 Noji-ita Sheathing roof board (12mm plywood)
26 瓦桟 Kawara-zan Tiling lath (36x24)
27 瓦桟 Kawara-zan Counter batten (45x24/18)
28 垂木 Taruki Rafter (45sq)
29 Keta Cross beam (105x105)
30 羽目板 Hame-ita Wall paneling , Wood siding
31 床板 Yuka-ita (Enko-ita) Flooring board
32 根太 Neda Floor joist (45/60 sq)
33 大引 Obiki Sleeper (90sq)
34 Tsuka Floor post (90sq)
35 鴨居 Kamoi Door lintel , Top rail
36 さお縁 Sao-buchi Batten
37 基礎 Kiso Foundation (basis)
38 胴縁 Doh-buchi Furring strips
39 Noki Eaves
40 火打ち Hi-uchi Horizontal angle brace
41 まぐさ Magu-sa Lintel (window headen lintel)
41 合掌 Gassho Principal rafter
43 Kawa-ra Roofing tile
44 吊り木 Tsuri-gi Ceiling hanger
45 To Door
46 トラス To-rasu Truss
47 屋根 Ya-ne Roof
48 Yu-ka Floor slab
49 幅木 Haba-ki Skirting
50 広小舞 Hiro-ko-mai Tilting board
51 腰壁 Koshi-kabe Spandrel wall
52 床柱 Toko-bashira Fancy wood post in *Washitu
53 長押 Nage-shi Casting
54 回り縁 Mawari-buchi Moulding
55 方杖 Hou-zu-e Knee brace
56 回転窓 Kaiten-mado Pivot window
57 引き戸 Hiki-do Sliding door
58 横架材 Ohka-zai Horizontal lumber
59 真壁 Shin-kabe Stud wall
60 大壁 Oh-kabe Stud wall finished on both sides
61 寄せ棟 Yose-mune Hip roof
62 切妻 Kiri-zuma Gable
63 軒高 Noki-daka Eaves height
64 吹き抜け Fuki-nuke Open ceiling
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Housing ( Interior )
No. Japanese Pronunciation English
1 和室 Washitu Japanese traditional room with tatami
2 洋室 Yo-shitsu Western style room
3 浴室 Yoku-shitsu Bathroom
4 寝室 Shin-shitsu Bedroom
5 リビング Ri-bin-gu Living room
6 キッチン Kicchin Kitchen
7 階段 Kai-dan Stairs
8 玄関 Gen-kan Entrance
9 造作材 Zo-saku-zai Fixture, Trim
10 木工 Mokko Moodwork
11 化粧 Kesho Appearance
12 モールデイング Mo-ru-dingu Molding
13 額縁 Gaku-buchi Casing
14 Tatami Japanese mat made with straw
15 照明 Shou-mei Lighting
16 Tana Shelve
17 家具 Kagu Furniture
18 引出し Hiki-dashi Drawer
19 壁紙 Kabe-gami Wallpaper
20 ドアノブ Do-a-no-bu Doorknob
21 蛇口 Ja-gu-chi Water faucet
22 踏板 Fumi-ita Tread board
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Carpenter works
No. Japanese Pronunciation English
1 工務店 Ko-mu-ten Small builder
2 大工 Dai-ku Carpenter
3 商社 Sho-sha Trading house
4 材木屋 Zaimoku-ya Timber & lumber dealer
5 市売り Ichi-uri Sales at local markets
6 問屋 Ton-ya Wholesaler
7 建築(建設) Ken-chiku (Ken-setsu) Construction
8 建築士 Ken-chiku-shi (Sekkei-shi) Registered architect
9 建築施工管理技師 Kenchiku-seko-kanri-gishi Licenced building site manager
10 請負 Uke-oi Contracting
11 請負業者 Uke-oi-gyo-sha Contractor
12 工事管理 Ko-ji-kanri Construction management
13 雨仕舞い Ama-jimai Weather flashing
14 地業 Ji-gyo Foundation work
15 養生 Yo-jo Curing, Protection
16 仕上げ Shi-a-ge Finish
17 上棟、棟上げ Jo-to、Mune-Age Completion of framework
18 建て方 Ta-te-kata Erection
19 仕口 Shi-guchi Connection joint
20 継ぎ手 Tsugi-te Joint, Splice
21 ホゾ Hozo Tenon
22 ホゾ穴 Ho-zo-ana Mortise
23 刻み Kiza-mi Cutting,Notching
24 溶接 Yo-setsu Welding
25 塗装 Toso Painting
26 板金 Ban-kin Sheet metal work
27 突き合せ Tu-ki-awase Batting
28 本実加工 Hon-zane-kakoh Tongue and grooved joint
29 雄実 Osu-za-ne Tongue
30 雌実 Mesu-zane Groove
31 面取り Men-tori Chamfering
32 結露 Ketsu-ro Condensation
33 防水 Bou-sui Waterproofing
34 モルタル Moru-taru Mortal
35 アスファルトフェルト Asu-faruto-feruto Asphalt saturated felt
36 足場 Ashiba Scaffolding
37 Kui Pile, Stake
38 桟木 San-gi Stiffener
39 型枠 Kata-waku Concrete Form
40 入隅 Iri-zumi Reentrant angle
41 出隅 De-sumi Outside angle
42 踊り場 Odori-ba Landing
43 蹴込み Ke-komi Riser
44 仕様書 Shi-yo-sho Specification
45 出面 De-zura Laborer attendance
46 手間 Te-ma Labour
47 人工 Nin-ku Man-day
48 目地 Me-ji Joint
49 ノコギリ Noko-gi-ri Saw
50 建て坪 Ta-te-tsubo Building area
51 延べ床 Nobe-yuka Total floor area
52 設計 Sekkei Planning
53 設計図書 Sekkei-Tosho Housing plan drawings
54 現場検査 Gen-ba-ken-sa On-site Inspection
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Building materials
No. Japanese Pronunciation English
1 建材 Ken-zai Building material (Housing products)
2 素材 Sozai Raw material
3 用途 Yo-to Applications
4 建具 Tate-gu Joinery products
5 石膏ボード Sekkoh-bo-do Gypsum board
6 ラスボード Rasu-bo-do Las board
7 セキ板 Seki-ita Sheathing board
8 珪カル板 Kei-karu-ban Calsim silicate board
9 化粧合板 Kesho-gohan Fancy plywood
10 構造用合板 Kouzo-yo-gohan Plywood for structual use
11 繊維板 Sen-i-ban Fiber board
12 軟質繊維板 Nan-shitu-sen-i-ban Fiber Insulation board
13 硬質繊維板 Kou-shitu-sen-i-ban Hard board
14 網入りガラス Ami-iri-garasu Wired sheet glass
15 合せガラス Awase-garasu Laminated glass
16 強化ガラス Kyo-ka-garasu Tempered glass
17 ペアガラス Pe-a-garasu Double glazing window
18 アルミクラッド A-rumi-kuraddo Alminium clad
19 サッシ Sa-sshi Sash
20 雨戸 Ama-do Shutter
21 外壁材 Gai-heki-zai Siding
22 珪藻土 Kei-so-do Ditomaceous earth
23 コーキング Ko-kin-gu Caulking
24 コーキング材 Ko-kin-gu-zai Caulking compound
25 モルタル Moru-ta-ru Mortar
26 漆喰 Shikkui Lime plaster
27 粘土 Nen-do Clay
28 レンガ Ren-ga Brick
29 防湿材 Bou-shitsu-zai Vapor retarder
30 接着剤 Secchaku-zai Glue, Adhesive
31 ホルムアルデヒド Ho-rumu-Aru-de-hido Formaldehyde
32 不燃材料 Fu-nen-zaiyro Non-combustible material
33 合板 Go-han Plywood
34 複合合板 Fuku-go-go-han Combination plywood
35 構造用合板 Kozo-yo-go-han Structural plywood
36 コンパネ Kon-pane Concrete panel
37 ツキ板 Tsuki-ita Sliced veneer, Fancy plywood
38 単板 Tan-pan Veneer
39 集成材 Shu-sei-zai Laminated lumber
40 大断面集成材 Dai-dan-men Shu-sei-zai Large sectional laminated lumber
41 LVL LVL Laminated veneer lumber
42 OSB OSB Oriented strand board
43 MDF MDF Medium density fiberboard
44 PSL PSL Parallel strand lumber
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Unit matrix
No. Japanese Pronunciation English (equivalent)
1 1Sun 3.03cm
2 1Shaku 10 Suns (30.3cm)
3 1Ken 1.82m (ordinariy interval between posts)
4 1Koku 1shakux1shakux10shaku = 120FBM
5 インチ 2.54cm 1Inch
6 mm 1mm 0.3937 inchs
7 フィート 30.4cm 1Feet
8 平米 1m2 10.76 square feet
9 立米 1m3 35.3 cubic feet
10 グラム 453gm 1pound
11 Sei Height
12 Soku Bundle
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Laws & Contracts
No. Japanese Pronunciation English
1 建築基準法 Ken-chiku-kijun-hoh Building Standards Law
2 JIS JIS Japanese Industrial Standard
3 JAS JAS Japanese Agricultural Standard
4 消防法 Sho-bo-ho Fire Service Law
5 難燃 Nan-nen Fire retardant
6 準防火 Jun-bo-ka Quasi-fire retardant
7 耐火 Tai-ka Fireproof
8 準耐火 Jun-tai-ka Quasi-fireproof
9 不燃 Fu-nen Non-combustible
10 準不燃 Jun-fu-nen Quasi-noncombustible
11 防火戸 Bo-ka-do Fire door
12 民法 Min-po Japanse Civil Law
13 住宅品質確保法 Jutaku-Hin-shitu-kakuho-ho Housing Quality Assurance Law
14 住宅性能表示制度 Jutaku-Seino-Hyoji-Seido Housing Performance Indication System
15 住宅性能表示基準 Jutaku-Seino-Hyoji-Kijun Housing Performance Indication Standard
16 性能 Sei-no Performance
17 性能規定 Sei-no-kitei Performance base
18 性能評価書 Seino-Hyoka-sho Performance Evaluation Report
19 指定住宅性能評価機関 Shitei-Jutaku-Seino-Hyoka-Kikan Designated Evaluation Body
20 瑕疵 Kashi Defects
21 瑕疵担保 kashi-tanpo Warranty against defects
22 瑕疵保証 kashi-hosho ditto (or, Defect Warranty)
23 瑕疵担保責任 kashi-tanpo-sekinin Liabilitiy for Defects
24 瑕疵保証期間 Kashi-hosho-kikan Liability period
25 紛争処理機関 Fun-so-shori-Kikan Alternative Dispute Resolution Body (ADR)
26 完成保証 Kansei-hosho Completion Warranty
27 構造安全性 Kozo-Anzen-sei Structural Safety
28 消音性 Sho-on-sei Sound Insulation
29 省エネ性 Sho-ene-sei Energy Efficiency
30 換気 Kan-ki Ventilation
31 耐久性 Taikyu-sei Durability
32 高耐久 Ko-tai-kyu High durability
33 紛争 Fun-so Disputes
34 義務 Gimu Mandatory
35 現場検査 Genba-ken-sa Site inspection
36 抵当権(不動産担保) Tei-to-ken Mortgage
37 持ち家 Mochi-ie Owner's own house
38 貸家 Kashi-ya A house for rent
39 分譲住宅 Bunjo-jutaku A house built for sale
40 マンション Manshon A condominium
41 一戸建て Ikko-date A detached house
42 新築住宅着工 Shin-chiku-jutaku-chakko New housing starts
43 見積もり Mitsu-mori Price estimate (Quotation)
44 出荷 (船便) Shukka Shipment
45 出荷 (国内向け) Shukka Dispatch from port (factory)
46 引き合い Hiki-ai Price inquiry , Bid
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Organizations
No. Japanese Pronunciation English
1 国土交通省 Kokudo-ko-tsu-sho Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT)
2 経済産業省 keizai-sangyo-sho Ministry of Economy,Trade and Industry (METI)
3 厚生労働省 Ko-sei-Ro-do-sho Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW)
4 ジェトロ JEtrO Japan External Trade Organization
5 住宅金融支援機構 Jyu-taku-kin-yu-shien-kiko Japan Housing Finance Agency
6 UR都市機構 UR-Toshi-kiko Urban Renaaissance Agency
7 日本住宅木材技術センター Nihon Jutaku Mokuzai Gijutsu Senta Japan Housing & Wood Tech Ctr.
8 日本建築センター Nihon-Kenchiku-Senta The Building Center of Japan
9 住宅保証機構 Jyu-taku-hosho-kiko The Organization for Housing Warranty (OHW)
10 日本木材輸入協会 Nihon Mokuzai Yun-yu Kyo kai Japan Lumber Importers' Association(JLIA)
11 日本米材協議会 Nihon Beizai Kyogi kai Japan North American Lumber Conference
12 日本南洋材協議会 Nihon Nanyozai Kyogi kai Japan Southsea Lumber Conference
13 日本米材製材協同組合 Nihon Beizai Seizai Kyodo Kumiai Japan-American Sawmillers' Association
14 日本合板工業組合連合会 Nihon Gohan Kogyo Kumiai Rengo Kai Japan Plywood Manufacturers' Association
15 日本北洋材協議会 Nihon Hokuyozai Kyogi kai Japan Russian Wood Products Conference
16 東京木材問屋協同組合 Tokyo Mokuzai Tonya Kyodo Kumiai Tokyo Lumber Wholesalers' Association
17 国際熱帯木材機関 Kokusai Nettai Mokuzai Kikan International Tropical Timber Organization
18 生保 Seiho A life insurance company
19 損保 Sonpo A non-life insurance company
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